Canadian Journal of Disability Studies <p>The Canadian Journal of Disability Studies publishes peer-reviewed original articles that advance research in the multidisciplinary, international field of disability studies.</p> <p>All content is totally open access.&nbsp;The CJDS never charges any processing or publication fees, and is free and open to the public. This ensures that scholarship in the CJDS reaches the broadest possible audience, with no barriers for authors, institutions, or readers. The journal also advocates for Open Accessibility, ensuring that all content is fully accessible.<br><br>The journal embraces a wide range of methodologies and perspectives, values collaborative and cross-disciplinary work, community partnership, and creative approaches to scholarship.<br><br>Research in the Canadian Journal of Disability Studies will be of interest to scholars and students from across all academic disciplines, as well as anyone involved in disability arts, advocacy, community organization or policy.&nbsp; The journal foregrounds a critical disability studies perspective, committed to disability rights.</p> <p>Please consider registering as a reader to receive notifications and announcements.</p> CDSA-ACEI en-US Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 1929-9192 <p>There are no article processing or submission charges for CJDS authors.</p><p>Author(s) are not required to assign their copyright in and to their article to the <em>Canadian Journal of Disability Studies</em>. Instead, The <em>CJDS</em> asks for one-time rights to print this original work.</p><p>All articles in the journal are assigned a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license. See:</p><p><img src="/public/site/images/jdolmage/88x31.png" alt="" /></p><p>Authors are asked to contact the journal Editor if they wish to post the article on any website; translate or authorize a translation of the article; copy or otherwise reproduce the article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so; copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.</p><p>Contacting the Editor will simply allow us to track the use and distribution of your article.  We encourage use for non-commercial, educational purposes. </p><p>Authors must provide proof of permission clearance prior to the publication of their work if they are including images or other materials that are not their own.  Keep in mind that such clearance can at times be costly, and often takes time.  The journal editor can often work with you to seek permissions if you need information, advice or assistance.</p> “Ich Bin Ein Schauspieler”: Making Crip Performance in Toronto with Theater HORA’s Disabled Theater <p>This paper attends to the making of crip performance in the 2015 production of <em>Disabled Theater</em> in Toronto, where eleven performers with intellectual and physical disabilities took to the stage to perform a series of dance solos set to popular music. The performance was directed by the French choreographer Jérôme Bel and produced by the Zurich-based Theater HORA, a professional theatre company that is fully comprised of performers with disabilities. As an experienced choreographer, Bel is portrayed in the performance program as the “brains” behind <em>Disabled Theater.</em> It seems as though the performers were simply executing Bel’s artistic ideas through the embodied materiality of their dance performances. As such, the performers’ desire to be seen as proper artists exists amid the specter of an <em>ableist </em>ideology in “normative” culture that could potentially influence the audience members’ interpretation of their dance solos. Drawing on the work of Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Carrie Sandahl, and Robert McRuer on the intersection of disability and performance, as well as the Italian dramaturge Eugenio Barba’s concept of the “pre-expressive state” of the actor’s body, I argue that the inclusion of persons with disabilities who confidently describe themselves as “actors” through the German phrase, “Ich Bin Ein Schauspieler”, unfolds the possibility of crip performance in <em>Disabled Theater</em>, which, unlike an ableist conception of performance, acknowledges disability as a reality that is constitutive of everyday life. Through crip performance, persons with disabilities do not need to downplay their disability in order to be publicly acknowledged as artists.</p> Stephen Fernandez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 1 30 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.449 Disability and the Use of Support by Immigrants and Canadian Born Population in Canada <p>Immigrants account for a large proportion of Canada’s population. Despite an emphasis on immigrant health issues within the literature, there is surprisingly limited attention given to disability within the immigrant population, although differential prevalence rates between immigrants and the Canadian born population have been noted. The observed differences in prevalence rates by gender and immigrant status raise questions around the use of support services. In this paper, analysis draws on Statistics Canada’s 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS). A mix of descriptive and multivariate techniques are used to explore who provides support, differences in the use of support between immigrants and the Canadian born and need for additional support. The descriptive results suggest that there was a broad parity in terms of the use of support, with immigrants and Canadian born nearly equally likely to use support. Use of support was also greater amongst those with a more severe disability. Multivariate analysis revealed that particular sub-groups of immigrants, and in particular immigrant females, severely disabled immigrants, and some age, income and educational groups were less likely to use support after controlling for other correlates of use. The difficulties confronted by people with disabilities appear to be magnified within the immigrant community, and particularly amongst sub-groups of the immigrant population.</p> Stine Hansen K. Bruce Newbold Robert Wilton ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 31 51 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.450 Novel Conversations: Connecting With Disability in Three Examples of Popular Fiction <p>Examining how readers of popular fiction respond to characters with disabilities and characters immersed in the lives of characters with disabilities, this paper serves to contribute to understandings of the meanings that readers ascribe to disability in popular culture using the public sphere of online discussion. Specifically, I study online reader&nbsp;discussion of three characters, namely:&nbsp; Trudi in Ursula Hegi’s (1996) <em>Stones from the River</em>, Icy in Gwyn Hyman Rubio’s (1998) <em>Icy Sparks </em>and Jewel in Brett Lott’s (1991) <em>Jewel</em>.&nbsp; I present findings from my analysis of reader discussion using readers’ descriptions of their identified connections with characters with disabilities. While these connections challenge the othering frequently cited in presentations of disability through readers’ recognition and appreciation of the well-rounded characters beyond traditional disability tropes, the unmet potential of reader discussion to challenge the status quo is also demonstrated through readers’ failure to expand these connections beyond the pages of the novels.</p> Joanna Rankin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 52 88 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.451 Stereotyping and Stigmatising Disability: A Content Analysis of Canadian Print News Media About Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder <p>People with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a complex and controversial neurodevelopmental disability caused by alcohol exposure in the womb, report experiences of stigma in different parts of their lives. The media, sometimes central to how a public understands and constructs marginalized identities, have a notable history of poorly representing people with disabilities like FASD (including in Canada), which could increase their stigmatisation. Additionally, given its cause, women who drink while pregnant can also face stigmatisation – with some public discourses evoking narratives that promote blame and shame. To gain insight into the kinds of information presented to Canadians about FASD, alcohol, and pregnancy, we conducted a media content analysis of 286 articles retrieved from ten of the top Canadian newspapers (2002-2015). In this article, we report key themes we identified, most common being ‘crime associated with FASD’. We explore connections between this coverage, common disability stereotypes (i.e., criminal behaviour and ‘the villain’), FASD stigma, and expectations of motherhood.</p> John Aspler Natalie Zizzo Nina Di Pietro Eric Racine ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 89 121 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.452 "From the darkness to the light": Memoirs of Blind Canadian veterans of the First and Second World Wars <p>This article is a study of the memoirs of three Canadian ex-servicemen who were blinded during the First and Second World Wars. It inquires autobiographical accounts as a source to understand disability both at an individual and a social level. I argue that autobiographies, as they reflect the individual experience of disability, also reveal concepts and prejudices concerning disability that are inherent to a society at a specific time. The authors hence can either challenge or confirm persistent ideas about disability. This paper is organized in three parts. In the first I present the autobiographies this study is based on, and summarize their main features. In the second I focus on the way blindness impacts individual’s identity. I shall argue that the loss of sight is experienced as life-changing event, a death-rebirth process that deeply affects the veterans as well as their entourage. Blindness enhance hence a process of re-definition of the self which encompasses, on the one hand, blind individuals’ perception of their own ‘exceptionality’ and, on the other, their desire for normality and social integration. In the last section I analyze how the three writers address Canadian society in order to challenge the existing ideas and prejudices about the blind. I argue that they deliberately choose to use autobiographical narratives as a device to point out and challenge common preconceptions about blindness.</p> Corinne Doria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 122 144 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.453 Review of "The Fantasy of Disability: Images of Loss in Popular Culture" <p>Portrayals of disability in mainstream culture and media, and questions about the implications they have for disabled people, are not new. However, in <em>The Fantasy of Disability: Images of loss in popular culture</em>, Jeffrey Preston takes those questions to new places. This book challenges how we think of, analyze, and view disability in popular culture, and whose disability narratives are being told.</p> Mikhel Hudrlik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 145 151 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.454 Review of "Innovations in Deaf Studies: The Role of Deaf Scholars" <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>I am one of a handful of signing deaf tenure-track or tenured professors in Canada. To my knowledge, I am also the only one who teaches a stand-alone university course in Deaf Studies that is not part of a sign language interpreter or teacher of the deaf training program. As such, I was delighted to read <em>Innovations in Deaf Studies: The Role of Deaf Scholars </em>edited by Annelies Kusters,&nbsp;Maartje&nbsp;De&nbsp;Meulder, and Dai O’ Brien. In this work I find many of my scholarly experiences and concerns reflected on an international scale.</p> Kristin Snoddon ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 151 156 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.455 Review of "Rethinking Disability Theory and Practice: Challenging Essentialism" <p><em>Rethinking Disability Theory and Practice: Challenging Essentialism&nbsp;</em>is both impressive and inclusive in the range of topics it addresses.</p> W. John Williamson ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 7 3 156 161 10.15353/cjds.v7i3.456